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Coming dissertations at Uppsala university

  • Personlig och kyrklig förnyelse : Svenska kyrkan och Vadstenamötena 1943–1985 Author: Andreas Wejderstam Link: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-395168 Publication date: 2019-12-19 13:31

    Personal and Ecclesiastic Renewal – The Church of Sweden and the Vadstena Meetings 1943–1985.

    In this study, I examine the Vadstena Meetings for Personal and Ecclesiastic Renewal in order to contribute to the understanding of the Church of Sweden during the Cold War era. The primary sources are archives: the Vadstena Meetings archive in Linköping and certain personal archives.

    After the first two chapters, Introduction and Historical background, the study is chronologically organised. In the two following chapters, three and four, I focus on the meetings first phase, 1943 and 1945-46. The fifth chapter analyses an expansive era, 1947-59, when meetings were held on several places. In chapter six I examine the last phase of the meetings, 1960-85, characterised by stagnation and withdrawal. Chapter seven concludes the study.

    The Vadstena Meetings were voluntarily organised meetings, formally detached from, but within the framework of Church of Sweden. Initiators and organisers were prominent within the Church and active contributors were bishops, directors and well-known clergy. Women constituted the majority of the attending participants.

    As a point of departure for the analysis of the meetings a comprehensive account of the meetings is given as to the organisers, contributors, participants and their programmes.  The organisation has been illustrated by applying Judith Sharken Simons model in five stages of a life cycle of non-profit organisations: Imagine and Inspire, Found and Frame, Ground and Grow, Produce and Sustain and, finally, Review and Renew.

    The Vadstena Meetings comprised both continuity and change with a continued focus on personal renewal. They provide an example of consensus aspiration and endeavour to bring together fractions within the Church of Sweden without compromising the essence of different groupings. The most prominent groupings at the time of consolidation of the Vadstena Meetings were the High Church movement and the Oxford Group Movement.

    Although the idea and aspiration for amplitude continued well into the late 1950s, the Vadstena Meetings became more and more conform. By following the historical progress of the Meetings and putting them into context, I show how they reflect the development and change within society and the Church of Sweden. Corresponding to the growing emphasis on individual participation in civil society the Vadstena Meetings illustrate the changing and expanding possibilities for individuals to influence the Church.

  • Typical and atypical language development in Turkish-Swedish bilingual children aged 4–7 Author: Buket Öztekin Link: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396812 Publication date: 2019-12-19 12:26

    This thesis investigates the vocabulary and narrative macrostructure skills of 102 typically-developing (TD) 4- to 7-year-old Turkish-Swedish bilingual children (cross-sectional), the development of these skills over time from age 4 to 6 in a subgroup of 10 children (longitudinal), and six Turkish-Swedish children with a language impairment (LI) diagnosis (clinical). The children’s health, family and language backgrounds, their language use and input patterns are explored through parental questionnaires, family interviews, and interviews with teachers and speech-language pathologists. In both Turkish and Swedish, comprehension and production are assessed with comparable materials: Cross-Linguistic Lexical Tasks (CLT; Haman et al., 2015), and Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (MAIN; Gagarina et al., 2012). For vocabulary (CLT), age development, language differences (Turkish vs. Swedish), differences between comprehension and production, and effects of language use and input are explored. For narrative macrostructure (MAIN), age development, language differences and task differences (Cat/Dog vs. Baby Birds/Baby Goats) are analyzed. LI children’s scores are compared with TD children, with additional focus on the LI children’s communicative, linguistic and social behavior. 

    In both vocabulary comprehension and production, the youngest TD groups performed better in Turkish than in Swedish, but by age 6, Turkish and Swedish vocabulary scores matched due to rapid improvement in Swedish. Factors related to vocabulary scores were: daily language input, parents’ language use with each other and with the child, and child’s language with the sibling(s). For narratives, comprehension was ahead of production. There was no difference between Turkish and Swedish MAIN comprehension, but for both languages a task effect was found (higher scores on Cat/Dog than Baby Birds/Baby Goats). Narrative production scores were generally low for both languages, but increased more with age in Swedish than in Turkish. The longitudinal study largely confirmed the patterns found in the cross-sectional data.

    The majority of the LI children performed far below their TD peers in both their languages. Some LI children performed very low in only one language, despite extensive and long-term exposure to that language. In contrast, TD children with very low scores in one language usually had very limited exposure to that language. LI children were also reported to have difficulties with word learning, pragmatics, and attention, and a family history with language problems. It is suggested that bilingual children with potential language impairment should be assessed holistically in both their languages and extensive information about their family backgrounds and language input characteristics be collected.

     

  • Melatonin in the gastrointestinal tract Author: Fanny Söderquist Link: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396347 Publication date: 2019-12-18 13:38

    Melatonin is recognised as the pineal hormone regulating sleep and circadian rhythm. It has also been identified in peripheral tissues (mainly in animals) and thought to display a variety of actions, including anti-inflammatory properties, regulation of gastrointestinal (GI) functions, glucose homeostasis and beneficial effects in different tumour types. Patients with irritable bowel disorder commonly exhibit psychiatric co-morbidity and disturbances of the gut-brain axis have been proposed to play a role in these disorders. The focus of this thesis was to study melatonin and melatonin receptors in the normal human GI tract, the pancreas and small intestinal neuroendocrine tumours. The thesis also explores the complex relationship between GI symptoms and underlying psychiatric traits in the context of elevated levels of peripheral melatonin during waking hours.

    In paper I-II, tissue samples from the normal human GI tract and pancreas and tumour tissue from small intestinal neuroendocrine tumours were analysed for expression of melatonin and melatonin receptors using immunohistochemistry. For tumour patients, melatonin was also analysed in plasma and set in relation to symptoms and outcome. In paper III-IV, a cohort of young adults (18-25 years) seeking psychiatric care was examined for GI symptoms, melatonin levels in saliva, depressive symptoms and anxiety traits. Psychiatric assessments were performed using structured or semi structured interviews. Depressive symptoms were measured using the self-rating version of the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale; GI symptoms were measured using the Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rating Scale for Irritable Bowel Syndrome; and personality traits were evaluated using the Swedish Universities Scales of Personality.

    Melatonin and melatonin receptors were widely expressed in the normal human gut and pancreas (paper I) but even in small intestinal neuroendocrine tumours known to produce serotonin (paper II). The intensity of the melatonin immunoreactivity in tumour tissue was found to correlate with lower proliferation index. After treatment, plasma levels of melatonin were reduced in tumour patients. Young adult patients seeking psychiatric care reported more GI symptoms than healthy controls, regardless of the currently active psychotropic medication. The level of GI symptoms was associated with severity of depressive symptoms and trait anxiety (paper III). Higher postprandial levels of melatonin were associated with the GI symptoms of bloating and pain (paper IV).

    In summary, these findings demonstrate the widespread presence of melatonin in the human gut and confirm a link between melatonin, psychiatric health and GI symptoms.

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